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  • Translation 12.2% Update 2011-11-16 - Revision 24447 - Version ZF 1.11.x

    E.4. Rewrite Configuration Guide

    URL rewriting is a common function of HTTP servers. However, the rules and configuration differ widely between them. Below are some common approaches across a variety of popular web servers available at the time of writing.

    E.4.1. Apache HTTP Server

    All examples that follow use mod_rewrite, an official module that comes bundled with Apache. To use it, mod_rewrite must either be included at compile time or enabled as a Dynamic Shared Object (DSO). Please consult the Apache documentation for your version for more information.

    E.4.1.1. Rewriting inside a VirtualHost

    Here is a very basic virtual host definition. These rules direct all requests to index.php, except when a matching file is found under the document_root.


    RewriteEngine off

    <Location />
    RewriteEngine On
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -[OR]
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -d
    ^.*$ - [NC,L]
    RewriteRule ^.*$ /index.php [NC,L]

    Note the slash ("/") prefixing index.php; the rules for .htaccess differ in this regard.

    E.4.1.2. Rewriting within a .htaccess file

    Below is a sample .htaccess file that utilizes mod_rewrite. It is similar to the virtual host configuration, except that it specifies only the rewrite rules, and the leading slash is omitted from index.php.

    RewriteEngine On
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -[OR]
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -d
    ^.*$ - [NC,L]
    RewriteRule ^.*$ index.php [NC,L]

    There are many ways to configure mod_rewrite; if you would like more information, see Jayson Minard's Blueprint for PHP Applications: Bootstrapping.

    E.4.2. Microsoft Internet Information Server

    As of version 7.0, IIS now ships with a standard rewrite engine. You may use the following configuration to create the appropriate rewrite rules.

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
                    <rule name="Imported Rule 1" stopProcessing="true">
                        <match url="^.*$" />
                        <conditions logicalGrouping="MatchAny">
                            <add input="{REQUEST_FILENAME}"
                                 matchType="IsFile" pattern=""
                                 ignoreCase="false" />
                            <add input="{REQUEST_FILENAME}"
                                 ignoreCase="false" />
                        <action type="None" />
                    <rule name="Imported Rule 2" stopProcessing="true">
                        <match url="^.*$" />
                        <action type="Rewrite" url="index.php" />
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