In order to build our application, we will start with the ZendSkeletonApplication available on github. Go to https://github.com/zendframework/ZendSkeletonApplication and click the “Zip” button. This will download a file with a name like zendframework-ZendSkeletonApplication-zfrelease-2.0.0beta5-2-gc2c7315.zip or similar.
Unzip this file into the directory where you keep all your vhosts and rename the resultant directory to zf2-tutorial.
ZendSkeletonApplication is set up to use Composer (http://getcomposer.org) to resolve its dependencies. In this case, the dependency is Zend Framework 2 itself.
To install Zend Framework 2 into our application we simply type:
php composer.phar self-update php composer.phar install
from the zf2-tutorial folder. This takes a while. You should see an output like:
Installing dependencies from lock file - Installing zendframework/zendframework (dev-master) Cloning 18c8e223f070deb07c17543ed938b54542aa0ed8 Generating autoload files
If you see this message:
[RuntimeException] The process timed out.
then your connection was too slow to download the entire package in time, and composer timed out. To avoid this, instead of running:
php composer.phar install
COMPOSER_PROCESS_TIMEOUT=5000 php composer.phar install
We can now move on to the virtual host.
You now need to create an Apache virtual host for the application and edit your hosts file so that http://zf2-tutorial.localhost will serve index.php from the zf2-tutorial/public directory.
Setting up the virtual host is usually done within httpd.conf or extra/httpd-vhosts.conf. (If you are using httpd-vhosts.conf, ensure that this file is included by your main httpd.conf file.)
Ensure that NameVirtualHost is defined and set to “*:80” or similar, and then define a virtual host along these lines:
<VirtualHost \*:80> ServerName zf2-tutorial.localhost DocumentRoot /path/to/zf-2tutorial/public SetEnv APPLICATION_ENV "development" <Directory /path/to/zf2-tutorial/public> DirectoryIndex index.php AllowOverride All Order allow,deny Allow from all </Directory> </VirtualHost>
Make sure that you update your /etc/hosts or c:\windows\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file so that zf2-tutorial.localhost is mapped to 127.0.0.1. The website can then be accessed using http://zf2-tutorial.localhost.
127.0.0.1 zf2-tutorial.localhost localhost
If you’ve done it right, you should see something like this:
To test that your .htaccess file is working, navigate to http://zf2-tutorial.localhost/1234 and you should see this:
If you see a standard Apache 404 error, then you need to fix .htaccess usage before continuing.
You now have a working skeleton application and we can start adding the specifics for our application.
The source code of this file is hosted on GitHub. Everyone can update and fix errors in this document with few clicks - no downloads needed.